From July 1 to August 1, 2014, 582 samples of food, plant and animal raw materials and animal feed were submitted to the Testing Center of the Rosselkhoznadzor subordinate Federal Centre for Animal Health.
7287 examinations were performed to test toxic elements, pesticides, antibiotics and vitamins, identify physical and chemical properties, genetically modified sources (GMS) as well as microbiological criteria: Listeria monocytogenes, quantity of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms (QMAFAnM), pathogenic agents including salmonella and coliform bacteria.
79 non-compliances were detected. They were the following:
1 sample – exceeded QMAFAnM in mutton;
11 samples – exceeded QMAFAnM in raw cow milk;
1 sample – exceeded QMAFAnM in wheat;
1 sample – exceeded QMAFAnM in pork;
1 sample – enteropathogenic coliform bacteria in plant feed;
1 sample – exceeded calcium mass fraction in combined feed;
1 sample – low calcium mass fraction in combined feed;
4 samples – exceeded Т-2 toxin in plant feed;
1 sample – exceeded content of ochratoxin A in silage;
1 sample – low calcium content in pig blood sera;
23 samples – low calcium mass fraction in cattle blood sera;
7 samples – low as well as exceeded Ferrum content in cattle blood sera;
3 samples – exceeded magnesium content in cattle blood sera;
1 sample – exceeded cuprum content in cattle blood sera;
9 samples – exceeded selenium content in cattle sera;
6 samples – low and exceeded phosphorus content in cattle blood sera;
3 samples – low and exceeded zinc content in cattle blood sera;
1 sample – exceeded total protein in cattle blood sera;
1 sample – low total protein in cattle blood sera;
1 sample – exceeded creatinine in pig blood sera;
1 sample – exceeded urea in pig blood sera.
QMAFAnM (total bacterial count) is a quantity of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms. It is a vast group of different microorganisms that can contaminate some food products. Exceeded QMAFAnM in food products can lead to food poisoning accompanied with diarrhea, gastroenteritis.
Phosphorous and calcium are the most important macroelements, ferrum, magnesium, cuprum, zink, selen are microelements in animal body. They are necessary for proper functioning of internal secretion glands. These elements are included in the list of enzymes and facilitate metabolism and normal vital activity. The amount of the elements in an animal body depends on their presence in the environment as well as on physiological conditions of the body. Their lack or excess in feed and water leads to defects of metabolism resulting in endemic disease (biogeochemical enzootics).
Т-2 toxin – (also known as “Yellow Rain”)– trichothecene mycotoxin produced by fusarium molds. It is highly toxic for eucaryotes. Consumption of molded grain and flour results in human or livestock poisoning, i.e. in alimentary toxic aleukia in humans and T-2 toxicosis in animals.
Ochratoxins – group of mycotoxins derived from Dihydrocoumarin named after Aspergillus ochraceus fungus, from which they were first recovered. Ochratoxin A is detected everywhere as a natural contaminant of food and feed grain, coffee- and cocoa beans, grapes and spices. Ochratoxin A is designated as a substance potentially carcinogenic for humans (group 2В).
Total protein – detection of total protein helps to determine the severity of proteometabolism. Role of blood proteins is comprehensive.
Creatinine – final product of creatinine-phosphate reaction. Creatinine is formed in muscles and excreted in blood. Creatinine participates in energy metabolism of muscle and other types of tissues. Creatinine is excreted from the body with urine through kidneys thus creatinine (its amount in blood) is an important criteria for kidney activity.
Urea – one of final products of proteolysis. Urea is excreted from the body with urine through kidneys thus urea content in blood and urine allows to make a decision about kidney activity.
FGBI “ARRIAH” Press Office